Eigenverlag Dr. Elisabeth Anzenberger
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FLORISHES for 4 Trumpets in Bb by Josef Bayer, Arr. F. Anzenberger


The reason for the composition of these florishes was the 25 anniversary celebration of the so-called Schlaraffia-Vindobona [Vindobona = Vienna in latin] on December 2, 1905 in Vienna. The "Schlaraffia" was an association of artists and art lovers which cultivated sociability, art, humour using a specified ceremony; it was probably founded in Prague in 1859 and was spread over Austria (The Austro-Hungarian Monarchy) and Germany. The members, the so-called "Schlaraffen" used a quasi-historical language; they received fictitious "names of knights" (ger. "Ritter" from ...) which often referred to the life of the member.

The title page mentions as composer of the florishes a so-called Ritter Puppenfee der Partiturenreiche [Knight "Puppenfee" rich of musical scores]; the music only survived in a manuscript copy of 1907. The composer was Josef Bayer (1852-1913), who was a ballet director at the Vienna Court Opera from 1885; he was member of the Schlaraffia-Vindobona from 1902. Bayer was in his lifetime the most-performed ballet composer of the world. His most successful composition was The Puppenfee, which was first performed in 1888. This ballet has been performed for many hundred time all over the world; in the Vienna Court Opera it was performed two to four times every week and after four years it paid one million florins. Oncoming generations of citizens of Vienna were introduced in the world of theatre with the Puppenfee.

The florishes of Bayer are very short (four to six measures), only the closing Praga (expression for the Schlaraffia in Prague) is a bit longer. They use typical florish themes with tone repetitions, dotted rhythms and occasional triad arpeggios; all pieces end with a long final accord. The harmony of the florishes shows the influence of the late-romantic composers Verdi and Wagner - Bayer was violinist in the Court Opera and he surely has performed their operas many times. He also was in contact with band music. He did his military service in the military band of the famous traditional regiment no. 4 "Hoch- und Deutschmeister".

Concerning the edition: This is the first publication of the florishes. The edition is close to the original; also the dynamics which are forte throughout without any modifications are following the manuscript.

The pieces do not have any technical difficulties and they do not use the extreme register of the instrument: The 4th trumpet is not lower than c' and the 1st trumpet is not higher than g''; only the last piece (Praga) includes the c''' for one time.

Bayer's florishes are composed very impressive for trumpet with a solemn and brilliant sound. Due to their easy practicability they are a valuable addition to the repertoire for trumpet ensembles, because this kind of pieces are often desired by rehearsals.

Bayer, Florishes

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