MARCHES and QUICKSTEPS for 3 Trumpets by J. Hyde, Arr. F. Anzenberger
PrefaceHyde's Marches and Quicksteps for 3 Trumpets were published in his about 1799 printed method book A New and Compleat Preceptor FOR THE TRUMPET & BUGLE HORN, which contains instructions for naturals as well as for slide trumpet. It is the earliest tutor for trumpet in England and the first for slide trumpet ever published. In the following year, the second edition of this method book was already published.
There is little known about the life of Hyde. Not even is first name can be cleared definitely - in some sources he is called "John" but in some others he is called "James". Hyde is provable between 1789 and 1818 and was the most eminent English trumpeter of his time. He was instructed to revise the English military calls. They were printed in 1798 as independent edition and they are also part of his above-mentioned method book in a corrected form. Hyde also wrote an additional tutor for the keyed bugle in 1818, after that there is not any sign from him.
The main part of Hyde's Preceptor is dedicated to the natural trumpet. In contrast to modern trumpet practice he does not notate the trumpet as transposing instrument but rather as it sounds. Most pieces are notated in C major, because this was the main pitch of this time; only the last piece is notated in C-major. The instrument was notated in low pitch as usual until the second half of the 19th century.
Hyde's Marches and Quicksteps for 3 Trumpets are mainly compositions of the author, some pieces are contemporary arrangements: no. 6 is taken from the finale of the first act of Mozart's opera Le Nozze di Figaro KV 492 ("The Marriage of Figaro"), no. 9 is known as a Quick Step in the battle of Prague (it concerns perhaps to the battle between Prussia and Austria in 1757) in many collects about and after the year 1800. Some trios of Hyde are ceremonial marches in the style of the baroque, others are influenced by the classic period. Hyde transfers the piano-like accompaniment with Alberti basses cleverly to the trumpet ensemble. A hunting call with the typical six-eight meter is included, too.
The present edition - the first one after 200 years -
publishes the pieces as original as possible, only obvious
printing errors are corrected.
Information & Order: